CPAP machines are often used for the patients who have sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder, the patient has pauses in breathing or breathing becomes shallow during sleep. These pauses can occur 5 to 30 times an hour. It usually causes loud snort or choking sound. Patients who suffer from sleep apnea often move out of deep sleep to light sleep when their breathing pauses. This problem effects on the entire day’s routine because it results in poor sleep quality and makes them bushed and sleepy throughout the day. It affects the overall performance of the patients.

Usually sleep apnea goes undiagnosed because doctors cannot detect the condition during normal day time visits and there are no blood tests for this problem as well. Mostly patients of OSP do not know that they have it because it occurs during sleep. The roommate or a family member can notice the signs first. There are mainly three types of sleep apnea which are central, obstructive and mixed sleep apnea. Here I will only discuss the Obstructive type of sleep disorder.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSP)

Out of the three types the most common is obstructive sleep apnea. In obstructive sleep apnea the airway collapses during deep sleep and the effort to take a breath is unsuccessful, due to unsuccessful breathing the level of oxygen in blood decreases and the body wakes up to take a breath. This can affect the efficiency of the person so CPAP machines are used to deal with this problem. OSP is more common in men. According to a research OSP affects about 4% of men and about 2% in women. So men are more likely to have this problem but after the age of 50 the risk is the same in both. It is very common in obese people. CPAP machine is the most common treatment for such patients as it gives continuous airway pressure therapy to the patient. You can find several types of CPAP machines with different features.

Symptoms of OSP

The patients of OSP usually face the problem of day sleepiness, repeated naps, headaches, fatigue, insomnia, irritability and weak memory. Patients of OSP usually have these problems as there is no blood test for this problem to detect. Usually the sleep partner or close family members can detect this during the sleep time of the patients.

Causes of OSP

There can be different causes for this problem but all of them are related to breathing because it occurs when enough does not move into your lungs while you are sleeping. It happens when the throat muscles and tongue relaxes more than normal, the person is overweight or the tonsil and adenoids are large and at times it happens because of the shape of head and neck of a person.

What Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea? by Salma Owais